"Res Publica" is the root of the word,
"republic", a form of governance attributed
to initial implementation by the Romans in the 6th century BCE but based on earlier, significant Greek
democracy concepts and upon which the great American political experiment of 1776 was based.
By description, it is a form of government in which that government is officially apportioned to
the control of the people and thus a "public matter" (Latin: res publica) and where offices of state
are subsequently directly or indirectly elected or appointed.
OK, so that defines a "republic". Now, what about a "
In school, didn't we learn that our form of government is a democracy? So, what's the difference between a republic and a democracy –
especially one based on majority rule?
Before proceeding further, be aware that even Thomas Jefferson, as the
founding father champion of the republican
form of government, capitulated to the popular weight of majority rule democracy into which our
nation now has further morphed and degenerated.
So, once again, what is the difference between a republic and a majority rule democracy? In the
Pledge of Allegiance we all pledge allegiance to our Republic, not to a democracy.
"Republic" is the proper intended description of our government, not "democracy".
Now here is a most interesting fact: The word "democracy" does not appear anywhere
in the Declaration of Independence nor anywhere in the
Constitution nor again anywhere in any of the constitutions of the
fifty states. But is the concept of
understanding or even restoring a republic today even possible? And why should we attempt it or
even care – or not?
[REPUBLIC vs. DEMOCRACY]