Emerging from the earliest of times when language records of
human activity were virtually nonexistent, early civilizations began to develop around the
knowledge of crop cultivation and animal domestication which led to
permanent-like settlements rather than the hunter/killer nomadic existence of the past.
With food and shelter now more secured, the knowledge of the world
around early man began to grow.
With one eye on the sky and the
other on the earth bound environment in which they lived, our early
ancestors began the process of trying to determine the why's and what for's
of their very existence and the nature of their world perspective. They recognized that causes led to effects but underestimated the
degree of difficulty in finding rational explanations to explain what they
Thus, into this world came the Tribal Chief and his right
hand man, the Tribal Witchdoctor who provided most of the cause and effect
explanations which were centered primarily around imagining which god or goddess was
responsible for which natural phenomenon. Without the precision of the
empirical tools of science that were to emerge at a much later date, the cause and effect analysis
of the Witchdoctor was driven by his imagination through speculation, pondering, conjecture and even meditation
which produced resulting fallacies that emerged to seem quite logical at the time.
This, then, became the age of mysticism and the foundation of religion
through the beliefs in gods and goddesses that ruled the heavens and the
earth to produce all observed natural phenomena. Even the great Greek
thinkers of their day fell victim to these cause and effect processes that,
although resulting in fallacious results, were looked upon for
millennia as the definitive explanation for pre-scientific observation such as
the motions of heavenly bodies and earth bound phenomena.
As the early civilizations waxed and
waned, their cumulative contributions to the ever-growing body of human
knowledge was preserved by word of mouth, stone, scrolls, parchment, and the
patience of scribes and scholars recording all by hand alone. The social
sciences dominated knowledge and progressed through the addition of
philosophy, economics education, geography, history, law, politics
psychology, sociology, and the early attempts to describe natural phenomena
that ultimately would become the various fields of the physical sciences.
In our European continental domain of intellectual expansion (made possible
by the preservation and dissemination of the vast extent of Egyptian, Greek
and Roman knowledge by the Saracen Empire stretching across North Africa
into both the lands of the Mid and Far East), from the 6th century forward,
the fifteenth century heralded in the Enlightenment, commonly referred to as
the Renaissance. The ability to break free of the tedium of hand recorded
information through the introduction of one of the most important inventions
known to man, opened the floodgates of communicating knowledge and the
dissemination of that knowledge throughout not only all of the European
empires but also the entire world at large.
In following our analogy
of identifying and pursuing knowledge as predominately two pathways that
ultimately will lead to One World Of and By the People, we now can
investigate further the significance of the evolution of the physical
sciences and then turn our attention to the social sciences.