Up and until the mid-20th century, our species has wrestled with, not only freedom-based concepts, but virtually with all other disciplines of knowledge falling under the category of  "social sciences" intellectually equipped only with imagined or a priori  cause and effect thinking that has led, in many instances, to seemingly logical but often unverifiable beliefs.

In the struggle to address and understand the idea of human freedom as opposed to servitude, the Age of Enlightenment, beginning in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, brought certain great minds to bear on the idea of what constitutes human freedom and what steps might be taken to achieve it  [to review this historical information, please click on the link above in this paragraph]. However, a priori thinking still prevailed by those breaking new ground in the pursuit of human freedom.

With the emergence of the Scientific Revolution in the 15th century, the great minds of science brought observation to bear through a posteriori cause and effect thinking thus establishing a unique distinction between the Physical Sciences and the a priori cause and effect thinking approach to the  Social Sciences. Now as recently as the mid-20th century, a new concept in understanding the role of social science in pursuing human freedom, derived from a most unlikely frame of reference, emerged in the mind of a most unlikely personality that would alter this a priori thinking within the social sciences.

Prior to continuing the discussion at this point and in the pages to follow that are intended to emphasize the importance of our journey, it is equally important to recognize and establish the "why" we are taking this journey.  This "why", followed by a discussion of one of the most important antecedents of the freedom movement and, in turn, further discussions of two of the most brilliant minds to offer new insight into how we can establish a new a posteriori course toward freedom and, thus, avoid extinction, will be presented in the pages following an introduction of these "Foundation Stones" of the past and the emerging new concepts achievable through the social sciences.

  • Aristarchus
  • Ptolemy
  • Copernicus
  • Brahe
  • Bruno
  • Galileo
  • Kepler
  • Leibniz
  • Newton
  • Maxwell
  • Einstein
  • Darwin
  • Wallace
  • Mendel
  • Crick & Watson
  • Roslin Institute
  • Antecedents
    • Spinoza
    • Locke
    • Voltaire
    • Paine
    • Mises
    • Heath
  • Galambos
  • Snelson